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PHP filespec wildcard matching & searching
aka "globbing"


PHP can do glob-based directory listings and can also check a given filename string against a given glob string.

See also: globbing


  • «fnmatch()» reports whether the given filespec string matches the given wildcard string
    • Note that this does appear to work as expected for filespecs (not just filenames):
php > echo "MATCH: [".fnmatch('/*test/*thing','/sometest/something')."]\n";
MATCH: [1]
php > echo "MATCH: [".fnmatch('/*test/*thing','/sometest/somethong')."]\n";
php > echo "MATCH: [".fnmatch('/*test/','/sometest/somethong')."]\n";
php > echo "MATCH: [".fnmatch('/*test/*','/sometest/somethong')."]\n";
MATCH: [1]
  • «glob()» accepts a filespec that includes a file mask, and returns a list of matching filespecs.
    • A file mask in this context can be e.g. «*.php» or «/home/woozle/*.php» but not «~/*.php».
    • The «*» and «?» wildcards are both recognized.
    • The mask may include multiple wildcards, for folders as well as files.
      • Example: «/b*/b*» will return all files beginning with b inside root-level folders beginning with b.