SpamFerret.php

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<php><?php /*

HISTORY:
 2007-08-19 (Wzl) fixed line 155 call to clsDatabase::Query() (method deprecated and removed)
 2007-09-30 (Wzl) fixing regex processing
 2007-10-11 (Wzl) logging ampersandbot attempts; spam throttle (automatic temporary blacklist)
 2007-10-13 (Wzl) fixed some issues which were preventing throttling from working - mainly changes to SQL
 2007-10-15 (Wzl) "Code" wasn't being recorded. Decided that normal filtering should use code '-' so NULL means something is wrong.
 2007-10-28 (Wzl) Events with THR and AMP codes *still* weren't being recorded because method call was improperly formatted.
 2007-12-23 (Wzl) Emails wikimaster if eregi() returns an error (due to improperly formatted regex)
 2007-12-26 (Wzl) Spam turd rejection / logging
 2007-12-27 (Wzl) Fixed spam turd detection to work for new pages too (will probably need refinement)
 2007-12-27 (Wzl) Ooops. Replaced missing if-block from regex results when inserted text is found.
 2008-08-29 (Wzl) Added permanent IP blocking
 2008-09-04 (Wzl) Added (optional) logging of successful edits
 2008-09-19 (Wzl) Actually *set* the "didEdit" flag for successful edits <facepalms>
 2008-10-21 (Wzl) Fixed minor syntax error in "defines"
 2009-02-25 (Wzl) $objArticleCurr->loadLastEdit() now causes error in MW 1.14 (was it necessary before?)
 2009-03-10 (Wzl) "require" -> "require_once" so other extensions can use data.php without conflict
   also optional $kfpWzlLibs so data.php can be somewhere not on the path
 2009-03-18 (Wzl) Got rid of shared.php requirement; now using kfpLib to locate data.php
 2009-03-26 (Wzl) Rewrote data library calls to use new classes (no longer using deprecated/removed classes)
   Also modified to use newer function hooks
 2009-04-24 (Wzl) fixed "strict" bug referencing unset $txtCurr when creating new page
 2009-07-05 (Wzl) Using LibMgr
 2009-07-14 (Wzl) Added attempts.Diff field, patterns.isDIff
 2009-07-15 (Wzl)
   On advice from FreeNode##php, changed from eregi() to preg_match()
   Added option to match diff results instead of submitted edit only
   Saves diff of each change, approved or not
   BUG: approved edits are not being logged properly; using "OK" code and logging as failed
 2009-07-26 (Wzl) fixed minor warning error on line 252
 2009-08-07 (Wzl) email notification working; removed TRD and AMP hard-coded offenses, to be redone as isDiff filters if needed
 2009-08-08 (Wzl) create client record immediately if client is not recognized; don't depend on spam filter being triggered
 2009-08-09 (Wzl) restructured "client" and "attempt" tables (was "clients", "attempts"); not backwards-compatible
 2010-02-24 (Wzl) some code-tidying; trying to restrict passing of data between methods to single array var in args/return
 2010-08-17 (Wzl) added some debug code to CheckRegex(); fixed problem with escaped chars in filter
 2011-04-26 (Wzl) minor bug fixes; hand-merge with version on htyp.org
TO DO:
 * Throttled save attempts should check for spam, just for data-gathering purposes.
   Possibly non-spam from a throttled IP should not update the "WhenLast" timestamp. Maybe this should be a LocalSettings option?
 * Figure out how to display a different error message than "the following text is what triggered our filter:"
OPTIONAL SETTINGS:
 kfpLib - path to data.php folder (no final slash)
 kfsLib_Data - filespec of data.php
  • /
  1. Loader for spam blacklist feature
  2. Include this from LocalSettings.php

if ( defined( 'MEDIAWIKI' ) ) {

$wgExtensionCredits['other'][] = array( 'name' => 'SpamFerret', 'author' => 'Woozle Staddon', 'url' => 'http://htyp.org/SpamFerret', 'version' => '2011-04-26', 'description' => 'database-driven wikispam blocker', ); if (!defined('kfsLib_Data')) {

   if (defined('kfpLib')) {

define('kfsLib_Data', kfpLib.'/data.php');

   } else {

define('kfsLib_Data','data.php'); // assume it's on the path

   }

} if (!defined('LIBMGR')) {

   require('libmgr.php');

} clsLibMgr::Add('data', kfsLib_Data,__FILE__,__LINE__); clsLibMgr::Load('data',__FILE__,__LINE__);

/* ==============

SET UP CALLBACKS
  • /

global $wgFilterCallback, $wgPreSpamFilterCallback;

$wgPreSpamFilterCallback = false; if ( defined( 'MW_SUPPORTS_EDITFILTERMERGED' ) ) {

   $wgHooks['EditFilterMerged'][] = 'wfSpamFerretMerged';

} else {

   if ( $wgFilterCallback ) {
       $wgPreSpamFilterCallback = $wgFilterCallback;
   }
   $wgFilterCallback = 'wfSpamFerretFilter';

}

/* $wgHooks['EditFilter'][] = 'wfSpamFerretValidate'; $wgHooks['ArticleSaveComplete'][] = 'wfSpamFerretArticleSave'; $wgHooks['APIEditBeforeSave'][] = 'wfSpamFerretAPIEditBeforeSave';

  • /

/* ================

SET GLOBAL OBJECTS
  • /

function GetSpamFerret() {

   static $objFerret;
   if (!isset($objFerret)) {

$objFerret = new SpamFerret();

   }
   return $objFerret;

} /* ================

CALLBACK FUNCTIONS
  • /

/**

* Hook function for $wgFilterCallback
*/

//function wfSpamFerretFilter( &$title, $text, $section, &$hookErr, $editSummary ) { function wfSpamFerretFilter( &$title, $text, $section ) {

   global $wgOut;
   $spamObj = GetSpamFerret();
   $wgOut->addWikiText( "Intercepted by SpamFerretFilter" );

// $ret = $spamObj->filter( $title, $text, , $editSummary, $editPage );

   return $spamObj->filter( $title, $text, $section );

}

/**

* Hook function for EditFilterMerged, replaces wfSpamBlacklistFilter
*/

function wfSpamFerretMerged( $editPage, $text, &$hookErr, $editSummary ) {

   global $wgTitle,$wgOut;
   if( is_null( $wgTitle ) ) {
       # API mode
       # wfSpamBlacklistFilterAPIEditBeforeSave already checked the blacklist
       return true;
   }
   $spamObj = GetSpamFerret();
   $title = $editPage->mArticle->getTitle();

// $ret = $spamObj->filter( $title, $text, , $editSummary, $editPage );

   $ret = $spamObj->filter( $title, $text, , $editPage );
   if ( $ret !== false ) $editPage->spamPage( $ret );

// additional text can be added here: // $wgOut->addWikiText( "Intercepted by SpamFerretMerged" );

   // Return convention for hooks is the inverse of $wgFilterCallback
   return ( $ret === false );

} /**

* Hook function for APIEditBeforeSave
*/

function wfSpamFerretAPIEditBeforeSave( &$editPage, $text, &$resultArr ) { }

class SpamFerret {

 var $previousFilter = false;

// internal data

 var $dbSpam;
 var $objDataClients;
 var $strIPAddr;
 var $idPattern;
 var $doClearThrottle;
 
 function Setting($iName) {
   global $wgSpamFerretSettings;
   return $wgSpamFerretSettings[$iName];
 }
 /*-----
   PROPERTIES USED: $this->idPattern (out)
 */
 function filter( &$title, $text, $section, $editPage = FALSE ) {
   global $wgArticle, $wgDBname, $wgMemc, $messageMemc, $wgVersion, $wgOut;
   global $wgTitle, $wgServer;
   global $debug;
   global $errNum, $errStr;
   global $gErrorText;
   // debugging:
   global $sql;
   $fname = 'wfSpamFerretFilter';
   wfProfileIn( $fname );
   ini_set('track_errors', 1);
   # Call the rest of the hook chain first
   if ( $this->previousFilter ) {

$f = $this->previousFilter; if ( $f( $title, $text, $section ) ) { wfProfileOut( $fname ); return true; }

   }

// initialize variables

   $retVal = FALSE;	// default = assume edit is ok
   $gErrorText = FALSE;
   $isClientKnown = FALSE;
   $this->txtEditRaw = $text;		// DEPRECATED
   $arArgs['edit-raw'] = $text;

// get the IP address of the http client making the edit attempt:

   $this->strIPAddr = wfGetIP();

// Open the database

   $this->OpenDatabase();

// open clients table (extended Throttle version) for reference: //return TRUE;

   $objTblClients = new clsTable($this->dbSpam);
     $objTblClients->Name('ClientThrottle2');
     $objTblClients->KeyName('Address');

// Look up to see if this IP is known; it may already be throttled:

     $this->objDataClients = $objTblClients->GetData('Address="'.$this->strIPAddr.'"');
     if (is_object($this->objDataClients)) {

if ($this->objDataClients->hasRows()) { $isClientKnown = TRUE; }

     }
     if ($isClientKnown) {

$this->objDataClients->FirstRow(); $doBlock = $this->objDataClients->doBlock; if ($doBlock) { $strThrType = 'BLK'; } else { $intRetries = $this->objDataClients->Retries; $intThrottle = $this->Setting('throttle_retries'); $doBlock = $intRetries > $intThrottle; $strThrType = 'THR-'.$intRetries; } if ($doBlock) { $arArgs['diff'] = NULL; // not applicable // retry limit exceeded; check timeout limit if ($this->objDataClients->ThrottleTime < $this->Setting('throttle_timeout')) { $txtMsg = 'Too many spam attempts from your IP address ('.$this->strIPAddr.'). Please come back later.'; if (is_object($editPage)) { $editPage->spamPage($txtMsg); } else { EditPage::spamPage($txtMsg); // older MW code doesn't supply $editPage } $arArgs['code'] = $strThrType; $this->RecordAttempt($arArgs); // record post attempt by throttled client $retVal = true; // client has exceeded spam limit; impose throttle } else { $this->doClearThrottle = true; } }

     } else {

$this->CreateClient();

     }

//$this->txtDiff = 'N/A'; $arArgs['diff'] = 'N/A';

if (!$retVal) { $arRtn = $this->GetDiff($title); // get the diff between edit and current contents $arArgs['diff'] = $arRtn['diff']; $arArgs['doAll'] = FALSE; $arRtn = $this->CheckFilters($arArgs); $arArgs['edit-to-check'] = $arRtn['edit-to-check']; if ( $this->isMatch ) { // spam cue found; display the matching text and don't allow the edit to be saved: wfDebug( "Match!\n" );

// The string sent to spamPage() will be shown after "The following text is what triggered our spam filter:" $retVal = '(pattern #'.$this->idPattern.') ['.htmlspecialchars($this->strMatch).']'; // Log the spam attempt: $arArgs['code'] = '-'; $this->RecordAttempt($arArgs); } else { // no spam cues found; allow the edit to be saved, if nothing else has tripped the filter //if ($this->Setting('log_ok_edits')) { $this->idPattern = NULL; $this->RecordOkEdit($arArgs); //$this->RecordAttempt('OK'); //} } }

wfProfileOut( $fname ); $this->ReportErrors(); //$wgOut->addHTML($out); return $retVal; /**/

 }
 public function OpenDatabase() {
   $this->dbSpam = new clsDatabase($this->Setting('dbspec'));
   $this->dbSpam->Open();
 }
 public function FiltTbl() {
   $doLoad = TRUE;
   $doLoad = empty($this->objFilts);
   if ($doLoad) {
     $objTbl = new clsTable($this->dbSpam);

$objTbl->Name('patterns'); $objTbl->KeyName('ID');

     $this->objFilts = $objTbl;
   }
   return $this->objFilts;
 }
 /*-----
   INPUT:
     $iTitle - page for comparing proposed edit
     $this->txtEditRaw (DEPRECATED; use $iarArgs['text-to-check']
   OUTPUT:
     return ['diff']
 */
 public function GetDiff($iTitle) {
   $objArticleCurr = new Article($iTitle);
   if ($objArticleCurr->exists()) {
     $txtCurr = $objArticleCurr->getContent();
     $txtDiff = FigureDiff($txtCurr,$this->txtEditRaw);
   } else {
     $txtDiff = '!!NEW: '.$this->txtEditRaw;
   }
   //$this->txtDiff = $txtDiff;
   $arOut['diff'] = $txtDiff;
   return $arOut;

}

   /*-----
     INPUT:

$iarArgs['doAll'] $iarArgs['diff'] $this->txtEditRaw - DEPRECATED; use $iarArgs

     OUTPUT:

$this->idPattern

   */
   public function CheckFilters(array $iarArgs) {
   global $gRegexMatches,$gFilterMatches,$gFilterRows,$gFilterCount;
   global $debug;
   assert('is_object($this->dbSpam)');
   $doCheckAll = $iarArgs['doAll'];
   $strChkDiff = strtolower(nz($iarArgs['diff']));
   $objFiltTbl = $this->FiltTbl();
   if ($doCheckAll) {

$sqlFilt = NULL;

   } else {

$sqlFilt = 'isActive';

   }
   $objFiltRows = $objFiltTbl->GetData($sqlFilt);
   $objRow = $objFiltRows;	// for shorthand
   $strTextEdit = strtolower($this->txtEditRaw);
   //$this->txtEditChk = $strTextEdit;	// text after being massaged for checking
   $arOut['edit-to-check'] = $strTextEdit;	// text after being massaged for checking
   $this->isMatch = FALSE;
   $gFilterCount = 0;
   $gFilterRows = $objRow->RowCount();
   while($objRow->NextRow() && (!$this->isMatch || $doCheckAll)) {
     $isMatch = FALSE;
     if ($objRow->isDiff) {

$strTextCk = $strChkDiff;

     } else {

$strTextCk = $strTextEdit;

     }
     if (!is_null($strTextCk)) {

$gFilterCount++; $strPattern = strtolower($objRow->Pattern); $isRegex = $objRow->isRegex; $this->idPattern = $objRow->ID; if ($isRegex) { $isMatch = $this->CheckRegex($strPattern,$strTextCk);

if (isset($php_errormsg)) { $this->AddErrorLine('Filter #'.$this->idPattern.' generated error "'.$php_errormsg); }

if ($isMatch) { $this->strMatch = $gRegexMatches[0]; } } else { if (empty($strPattern)) { $isMatch = FALSE; } else { $this->strMatch = stristr($strTextCk,$strPattern); $isMatch = ($this->strMatch != ); } } if ($isMatch) { $this->isMatch = TRUE; if ($doCheckAll) { $gFilterMatches[$this->idPattern] = $this->strMatch; } }

     }
   }
 }
 /*----
   TO DO:
     replace $gRegexMatches with return array
     make this function static
 */
 public function CheckRegex($iPattern,$iText) {
   global $gRegexMatches,$strDbg;
   $chDelim = '/';
   $strPattCk = $iPattern;
   // (2010-08-17) this next line causes incorrect handling of escaped characters in the filter
   //$strPattCk = str_replace('\\','\\\\',$strPattCk);	// make sure filter backslashes are prefixed to be literal
   $strPattCk = str_replace($chDelim,'\\'.$chDelim,$strPattCk);
   unset($php_errormsg);	// TO DO: explain this
   $strFinal = $chDelim.$strPattCk.$chDelim;
   $strDbg .= "@preg_match(\"$strFinal\",\"$iText\",...)";
   $isMatch = @preg_match($strFinal,$iText,$gRegexMatches);
   return $isMatch;
 }
 public function AddErrorLine($iText) {
   global $gErrorText;
   $gErrorText .= $iText."\n";
 }
 public function ReportErrors() {
   global $wgUser;
   global $wgEmergencyContact;
   global $gErrorText;
   if ($gErrorText) {

$msgEmail = 'Filter error report for user '.$wgUser->getName().":\n\n"; $msgEmail .= $gErrorText; mail($wgEmergencyContact,'spamferret filter error',$msgEmail);

   }
 }
 /*----
   ACTION: Create a new record for the current client
 */
 public function CreateClient() {
   $sql = 'INSERT INTO client (Address,WhenFirst,Count,Retries) VALUES("'.$this->strIPAddr.'",NOW(),1,0)';
   $this->dbSpam->Exec($sql);
 }
 /*----
   ACTION: Update a client's record to reflect a new spam attempt
 */
 public function RecordClientSpam() {
   if ($this->doClearThrottle) {
     $strRetries = '0';
   } else {
     $strRetries = 'Retries+1';
   }
   $sql = 'UPDATE client SET WhenLast=NOW(),Count=Count+1, Retries='.$strRetries.' WHERE Address="'.$this->strIPAddr.'"';
   $this->dbSpam->Exec($sql);
   if ($this->dbSpam->RowsAffected() < 1) {
     $this->CreateClient();
     $this->AddErrorLine('Record not found for client '.$this->strIPAddr);
   }
 }
 /*-----
   INPUT:
     $this->idPattern
     $iarArgs['edit-raw']
 */
 public function RecordAttempt(array $iarArgs) {
   global $wgTitle, $wgServer;
   $iCode = $iarArgs['code'];
   $txtDiff = $iarArgs['diff'];		// was $this->txtDiff
   $txtEdit = $iarArgs['edit-raw'];	// was $this->txtEditChk
   $this->RecordClientSpam();
   $sqlCode = '"'.$iCode.'"';
   $sqlURL = '"'.$this->dbSpam->SafeParam($wgTitle->getFullURL()).'"';
   $sqlSrvr = '"'.$this->dbSpam->SafeParam($wgServer).'"';
   $sqlPage = '"'.$this->dbSpam->SafeParam($wgTitle->getPrefixedText()).'"';
   $sqlEdit = '"'.$this->dbSpam->SafeParam($txtEdit).'"';
   $sqlDiff = '"'.$this->dbSpam->SafeParam($txtDiff).'"';
   $sqlPattern = $this->idPattern;
   if (is_null($sqlPattern)) {
     $sqlPattern = 'NULL';
     $isPattern = FALSE;
   } else {
     $isPattern = TRUE;
   }
   $sqlAddr = '"'.$this->strIPAddr.'"';
   //$sqlMatch = is_null($iMatch)?'NULL':'"'.$iMatch.'"';
   $sql = 'INSERT INTO attempt (`When`,ID_Pattern,Addr_Client,IDS_Session,PageServer,PageName,Code,didAllow,Edit,Diff) VALUES'
     .'(NOW(),'
     .$sqlPattern.','
     .$sqlAddr.','
     .SQL_Value(session_id()).','
     .$sqlSrvr.','
     .$sqlPage.','
     .$sqlCode.','
     .'FALSE,'
     .$sqlEdit.','
     .$sqlDiff.')';
   $ok = $this->dbSpam->Exec($sql);
   if ($ok !== TRUE) {
     $this->AddErrorLine('SQL ['.$sql.'] in RecordAttempt() generated this error: '.$ok);
   }
   if ($isPattern) {
     $sql = 'UPDATE patterns SET WhenTried=NOW(), Count=Count+1 WHERE ID='.$this->idPattern;
     $ok = $this->dbSpam->Exec($sql);
     if ($ok !== TRUE) {

$this->AddErrorLine('SQL ['.$sql.'] generated this error: '.$ok);

     }
   }
 }
 /*
   INPUT:
     $this->txtEditChk
 */
 public function RecordOkEdit(array $iarArgs) {
   global $wgTitle, $wgServer;
   $txtDiff = $iarArgs['diff'];		// was $this->txtDiff
   $txtEdit = $iarArgs['edit-to-check'];	// was $this->txtEditChk
   $sqlPage = '"'.$this->dbSpam->SafeParam($wgTitle->getPrefixedText()).'"';
   $sqlSrvr = '"'.$this->dbSpam->SafeParam($wgServer).'"';
   $sqlEdit = '"'.$this->dbSpam->SafeParam($txtEdit).'"';
   $sqlDiff = '"'.$this->dbSpam->SafeParam($txtDiff).'"';
   $sql = 'INSERT INTO attempt (`When`,ID_Pattern,Addr_Client,IDS_Session,PageServer,PageName,Code,didAllow,Edit,Diff) VALUES '
     .'(NOW(),NULL,'
     .'"'.$this->strIPAddr.'",'
     .SQL_Value(session_id()).','
     .$sqlSrvr.','
     .$sqlPage.',"ok",TRUE,'
     .$sqlEdit.','
     .$sqlDiff.')';
   $ok = $this->dbSpam->Exec($sql);
   if ($ok !== TRUE) {
     $this->AddErrorLine('SQL ['.$sql.'] in RecordOkEdit() generated this error: '.$ok);
   }
 }

}

function ErrorHandler ($errno ,$errstr) {

 global $errNum, $errStr;
 $errNum = $errno;
 $errStr = $errstr;

}

function SQL_Value($iVar) {

 if (is_null($iVar)) {
   return 'NULL';
 } else {
   if (is_numeric($iVar)) {
     return $iVar;
   } else {
     return '"'.$iVar.'"';
   }
 }

} function FigureDiff($iTextOld, $iTextNew) {

 # Make temporary files

// $td = wfTempDir();

 $td = session_save_path();
 $fhOld = fopen( $fnOld = tempnam( $td, 'SpamFerret-old-' ), 'w' );
 $fhNew = fopen( $fnNew = tempnam( $td, 'SpamFerret-new-' ), 'w' );
 fwrite( $fhOld, $iTextOld ); fclose( $fhOld );
 fwrite( $fhNew, $iTextNew ); fclose( $fhNew );
 $ksSpamFerretDiffOptions = '-i -E --suppress-common-lines ';	// this setting applies to all uses of a given filter DB
 // can change for different DBs
 $cmd = 'diff '.$ksSpamFerretDiffOptions.wfEscapeShellArg( $fnOld, $fnNew );
 $handle = popen( $cmd, 'r' );
 $result = ;
 do {
   $data = fread( $handle, 8192 );
   if ( strlen( $data ) == 0 ) {
     break;
   }
   $result .= $data;
 } while ( true );
 pclose( $handle );
 unlink( $fnNew ); unlink( $fnOld );
 //return 'cmd=['.$cmd.'] diff=['.$result.']';
 return $result;

}

} // end of 'MEDIAWIKI' check