grep

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Examples

grep text_to_find *.log
find [text_to_find] by checking all the logfiles in the current folder
grep -r text_to_find *
find [text_to_find] by checking all files in the current folder or under it

Note that you can't do e.g. grep -r [text_to_find] *.log because that will only search in folders named [something].log

Questions

  • So, how do you grep for a string which contains spaces and quote characters? This is probably some standard feature of Linux Shell syntax which everyone knows, but I don't, and that's why this page needs examples.
    A: Tentatively, you can surround a string with double-quotes and escape any quotes in the search-string with the backslash character. (Single quotes do not seem to work.)
  • Likewise, how do you search a group of files? Using "*.*" for FILE doesn't seem to work, and leaving the FILE argument blank tells grep to expect input from STDIN.
    A: apparently "*" by itself; see examples above

Notes

If file is specified using wildcards (e.g. *.log or *), apparently the command-line parser expands this into a listing of all matching files before passing it to grep. This unfortunately can lead to the error "bash: /bin/grep: Argument list too long". Putting a backslash before the wildcard will prevent the parser from expanding it before passing to grep, but grep doesn't seem to have any wildcard-handling abilities. So as far as I can tell, there is no way to grep a really large directory (the one I'm looking at has 5014 files).

The -r option doesn't seem to work if a file extension is specified (e.g. "*.log" in the example above), though it does work with "*". There may be some syntax which needs to surround "*.log* -- or maybe this simply is not doable using the inline-expansion method of handling wildcards?

The backtick character ("`") seems to mean "insert the output of this command here" -- so if you're trying to search for a literal backtick, it needs to be escaped with "\" ("\`"). This comes up sometimes when searching for SQL phrases.

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